This special collection for The 18th-Century Common is Guest Edited by Kent Linthicum (Oklahoma State University).
This collection of short public humanities essays illuminates and interrogates the marks of the Anthropocene upon long eighteenth-century cultures and/or responses by this period’s cultures to what is now called the “Anthropocene.” While debate concerning the start of the Anthropocene will continue into the foreseeable future, the stratigraphic distinction between 1750 and 1950 will likely be insignificant to geologists thousands of years from now. Presently though—roughly two-hundred years after the first coal-powered steam engines began to pump water out of English mines—examining the social systems that caused the Anthropocene is key to modern approaches to the same slow crisis. The long eighteenth century is a significant juncture in Anthropocene history, marking the apex of the Little Ice Age, the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the height of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, the continued expansion of colonialism, the theorization of capitalism, and the era of Enlightenment, among other developments. Modernity has grown from and is affected by the climatological, energetic, material, capital, and theoretical stratum of eighteenth-century cultures. How did such cultures embrace, ignore, or reject the changes we now correlate with the Anthropocene? What are significant historical moments in the eighteenth century that help lay the groundwork for the Anthropocene? What political decisions helped establish pathways to the Anthropocene or tried to divert those trajectories? How did growing scientific fields consider the relationship between the human species and its environment? How was environmental insecurity (re)conceptualized in the face of increasing human impact upon the world? How did new technologies contribute to an Anthropocene trajectory? What caused these technologies to become normalized? How did aesthetic modes—music, visual arts, literature—respond to the deepening socio-environmental changes brought on by Anthropogenic forces? How can the effects of the Anthropocene be registered in the daily lives of eighteenth-century peoples? The essays in this in-progress special collection explore these and related lines of inquiry.